disgrace


disgrace
disgrace n Disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, shame, infamy, ignominy, opprobrium, obloquy, odium mean the state, condition, character, or less often the cause of suffering disesteem and of enduring reproach or severe censure.
Disgrace may imply no more than a loss of the favor or esteem one has enjoyed
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Queen Elizabeth's favorites were constantly in danger of disgrace if they offended her in the slightest degree

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he was shut up in an attic . . . and forbidden to speak to his sisters, who were told that he was in disgraceRussell

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The term, however, often implies complete humiliation and, sometimes, ostracism
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you may find yourself at any moment summoned to serve on a jury and make decisions involving the disgrace or vindication ... of your fellow creatures— Shaw

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Dishonor may often be employed in place of disgrace, but typically it suggests a previous condition of being honored or of having a high sense of honor; it therefore may imply the loss of the honor that one has enjoyed or the loss of one's self-respect or self-esteem
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prefer death to dishonor

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but now mischance hath trod my title down, and with dishonor laid me on the ground— Shak.

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wouldst thou . . . harp on the deep dishonor of our house— Byron

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Disrepute stresses either the loss of one's good name or the attribution of a bad name or reputation
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the actions of certain of its guests have brought the hotel into disrepute

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the disrepute into which this once famous name has now fallen

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the habit of pub-crawling—so much the fashion when I was their age—seems to have happily fallen into disreputeO'Connor

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Shame implies particularly humili-ating disgrace or disrepute such as is caused by an illicit union, illegitimate birth, inferior blood, relationship to a traitor or criminal, or commission of a crime
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live in shame

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a child of shame

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"Is it not... a pity to live no better life?" "God knows it is a shame\"—Dickens

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shame is a reaction to other people's criticism. A man .is shamed either by being openly ridiculed and rejected or by fantasying to himself that he has been made ridiculous— Benedict

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Infamy usually implies notoriety as well as exceeding shame
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men who prefer any load of infamy, however great, to any pressure of taxation, however light— Sydney Smith

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I have come, not from obscurity into the momentary notoriety of crime, but from a sort of eternity of fame to a sort of eternity of infamyWilde

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Ignominy, more than infamy—which in some ways it closely resembles—stresses the almost unendurable con- temptibility or despicability of the disgrace or its cause
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the ignominy he had been compelled to submit to— Meredith

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was she now to endure the ignominy of his abandoning her?—D. H. Lawrence

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the ignominy of returning to Spain, having accomplished nothing, became more obvious the more it was considered— Froude

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Opprobrium adds to disgrace the implication of being severely reproached or condemned
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the opprobrium which often attaches itself to the term politician

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Spain . . . has been plundered and oppressed, and the opprobrium lights on the robbers, not on the robbed— Buckle

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the name "educator," for many intelligent people, has become a term of opprobriumGrandgent

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Obloquy (see also ABUSE n) adds to disgrace the implication of being abused or vilified
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and undergo the perpetual obloquy of having lost a kingdom— Clarendon

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that unmerited obloquy had been brought on him by the violence of his minister— Macaulay

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Odium applies to the disgrace or the opprobrium that is attached to the fact or state of being an object of widespread or universal hatred or intense dislike
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whatever odium or loss her maneuvers incurred she flung upon her counselors— J. R. Green

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as a preliminary Augustus . . . revised the senatorian roll. This was always an invidious task .... in the end he was compelled to make the nominations himself and face the odiumBuchan

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many materialists . . . seek to eliminate the odium attaching to the word materialism, and even to eliminate the word itself— James

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Analogous words: degradation, debasement, abasement, humbling, humiliation (see corresponding verbs at ABASE): *stigma, brand, blot, stain
Antonyms: respect, esteem
Contrasted words: admiration, *regard: Reverence, awe, fear: honor, repute, glory, renown, *fame

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • disgrâce — [ disgras ] n. f. • 1539; it. disgrazia → grâce 1 ♦ Vieilli Perte des bonnes grâces, de la faveur (d une personne dont on dépend). ⇒ défaveur. « Lorsque tout tremble devant le tyran, et qu il est aussi dangereux d encourir sa faveur que de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • disgrâce — DISGRÂCE. s. f. Perte, privation des bonnes grâces d une personne puissante. On ne sait d où vient sa disgrâce, la cause, le sujet de sa disgrâce. Tomber en disgrâce. Encourir la disgrâce du Prin ce. Durant sa disgrâce. f♛/b] Il signifie aussi,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • disgrace — Disgrace. s. f. Défaveur, perte, privation des bonnes graces d une personne puissante. On ne sçait d où vient sa disgrace. la cause, le sujet de sa disgrace. estre en disgrace. tomber en disgrace. encourir la disgrace du Prince. durant sa… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Disgrace — Disgrâce (roman) Disgrâce Auteur John Maxwell Coetzee Genre Roman Version originale Titre original Disgrace Éditeur original Secker Warburg Langue originale Anglai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Disgrace — Dis*grace , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Disgraced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Disgracing}.] [Cf. F. disgracier. See {Disgrace}, n.] 1. To put out of favor; to dismiss with dishonor. [1913 Webster] Flatterers of the disgraced minister. Macaulay. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Disgrace — Dis*grace (?; 277), n. [F. disgr[^a]ce; pref. dis (L. dis ) + gr[^a]ce. See {Grace}.] 1. The condition of being out of favor; loss of favor, regard, or respect. [1913 Webster] Macduff lives in disgrace. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Disgrace — may refer to: Disgrace (novel), a Booker Prize winning novel by J. M. Coetzee Disgrace (film), a 2008 film adaption of the novel This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • disgrace — Disgrace, f. penac. Est de prononciation Italienne. Le François devroit dire Desgrace, tout ainsi qu il dit Desfaveur, Deshonneur, Destruire, et tels autres que l Italien escrit et prononce Disfavore, Dishonore, Distruggere, Et l Espagnol… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • disgrace — [dis grās′] n. [Fr disgrâce < It disgrazia < dis (L dis ), not + grazia, favor < L gratia: see GRACE] 1. the state of being in disfavor, as because of bad conduct 2. loss of favor or respect; public dishonor; ignominy; disrepute; shame 3 …   English World dictionary


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